Marriage Service

IMBRA = International Marriage Broker Regulation Act



Senator Maria Cantwell labels All American Men Abusers, passes law (IMBRA) to protect foreigners form all Americans

H.R.3402

Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (Enrolled as Agreed to or Passed by Both House and Senate)



Subtitle D--International Marriage Broker Regulation



SEC. 831. SHORT TITLE.



  This subtitle may be cited as the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005.

SEC. 832. ACCESS TO VAWA PROTECTION REGARDLESS OF MANNER OF ENTRY.



  (a) Information on Certain Convictions and Limitation on Petitions for K Nonimmigrant Petitioners-

   (1) 214(d) AMENDMENT- Section 214(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1184(d)) is amended--

    (A) by striking (d) and inserting (d)(1);

    (B) by inserting after the second sentence Such information shall include information on any criminal convictions of the petitioner for any specified crime.;

    (C) by striking Attorney General and inserting Secretary of Homeland Security each place it appears; and

    (D) by adding at the end the following:

  (2)

(A) Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), a consular officer may not approve a petition under paragraph (1) unless the officer has verified that--

   (i) the petitioner has not, previous to the pending petition, petitioned under paragraph (1) with respect to two or more applying aliens; and

   (ii) if the petitioner has had such a petition previously approved, 2 years have elapsed since the filing of such previously approved petition.

  (B) The Secretary of Homeland Security may, in the Secretarys discretion, waive the limitations in subparagraph (A) if justification exists for such a waiver. Except in extraordinary circumstances and subject to subparagraph (C), such a waiver shall not be granted if the petitioner has a record of violent criminal offenses against a person or persons.

  (C)(i) The Secretary of Homeland Security is not limited by the criminal court record and shall grant a waiver of the condition described in the second sentence of subparagraph (B) in the case of a petitioner described in clause (ii).

  (ii) A petitioner described in this clause is a petitioner who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty and who is or was not the primary perpetrator of violence in the relationship upon a determination that--

   (I) the petitioner was acting in self-defense;

   (II) the petitioner was found to have violated a protection order intended to protect the petitioner; or

   (III) the petitioner committed, was arrested for, was convicted of, or pled guilty to committing a crime that did not result in serious bodily injury and where there was a connection between the crime and the petitioners having been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty.

  (iii) In acting on applications under this subparagraph, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall consider any credible evidence relevant to the application. The determination of what evidence is credible and the weight to be given that evidence shall be within the sole discretion of the Secretary.

  (3) In this subsection:

   (A) The terms domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse and neglect, dating violence, elder abuse, and stalking have the meaning given such terms in section 3 of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005.

   (B) The term specified crime means the following:

    (i) Domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse and neglect, dating violence, elder abuse, and stalking.

    (ii) Homicide, murder, manslaughter, rape, abusive sexual contact, sexual exploitation, incest, torture, trafficking, peonage, holding hostage, involuntary servitude, slave trade, kidnapping, abduction, unlawful criminal restraint, false imprisonment, or an attempt to commit any of the crimes described in this clause.

    (iii) At least three convictions for crimes relating to a controlled substance or alcohol not arising from a single act..

   (2) 214(r) AMENDMENT- Section 214(r) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1184(r)) is amended--

    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting after the second sentence Such information shall include information on any criminal convictions of the petitioner for any specified crime.; and

    (B) by adding at the end the following:

  (4)(A) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall create a database for the purpose of tracking multiple visa petitions filed for fiance(e)s and spouses under clauses (i) and (ii) of section 101(a)(15)(K). Upon approval of a second visa petition under section 101(a)(15)(K) for a fiance(e) or spouse filed by the same United States citizen petitioner, the petitioner shall be notified by the Secretary that information concerning the petitioner has been entered into the multiple visa petition tracking database. All subsequent fiance(e) or spouse nonimmigrant visa petitions filed by that petitioner under such section shall be entered in the database.

  (B)(i) Once a petitioner has had two fiance(e) or spousal petitions approved under clause (i) or (ii) of section 101(a)(15)(K), if a subsequent petition is filed under such section less than 10 years after the date the first visa petition was filed under such section, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall notify both the petitioner and beneficiary of any such subsequent petition about the number of previously approved fiance(e) or spousal petitions listed in the database.

  (ii) A copy of the information and resources pamphlet on domestic violence developed under section 833(a) of the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005 shall be mailed to the beneficiary along with the notification required in clause (i).

  (5) In this subsection:

   (A) The terms domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse and neglect, dating violence, elder abuse, and stalking have the meaning given such terms in section 3 of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005.

   (B) The term specified crime means the following:

    (i) Domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse and neglect, dating violence, elder abuse, and stalking.

    (ii) Homicide, murder, manslaughter, rape, abusive sexual contact, sexual exploitation, incest, torture, trafficking, peonage, holding hostage, involuntary servitude, slave trade, kidnapping, abduction, unlawful criminal restraint, false imprisonment, or an attempt to commit any of the crimes described in this clause.

    (iii) At least three convictions for crimes relating to a controlled substance or alcohol not arising from a single act..

   (3) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this subsection shall take effect on the date that is 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

  (b) Limitation on Use of Certain Information- The fact that an alien described in clause (i) or (ii) of section 101(a)(15)(K) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(K)) is aware of any information disclosed under the amendments made by this section or under section 833 shall not be used to deny the alien eligibility for relief under any other provision of law.

SEC. 833. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE INFORMATION AND RESOURCES FOR IMMIGRANTS AND REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL MARRIAGE BROKERS.



  (a) Information for K Nonimmigrants on Legal Rights and Resources for Immigrant Victims of Domestic Violence-

   (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, shall develop an information pamphlet, as described in paragraph (2), on legal rights and resources for immigrant victims of domestic violence and distribute and make such pamphlet available as described in paragraph (5). In preparing such materials, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall consult with nongovernmental organizations with expertise on the legal rights of immigrant victims of battery, extreme cruelty, sexual assault, and other crimes.

   (2) INFORMATION PAMPHLET- The information pamphlet developed under paragraph (1) shall include information on the following:

    (A) The K nonimmigrant visa application process and the marriage-based immigration process, including conditional residence and adjustment of status.

    (B) The illegality of domestic violence, sexual assault, and child abuse in the United States and the dynamics of domestic violence.

    (C) Domestic violence and sexual assault services in the United States, including the National Domestic Violence Hotline and the National Sexual Assault Hotline.

    (D) The legal rights of immigrant victims of abuse and other crimes in immigration, criminal justice, family law, and other matters, including access to protection orders.

    (E) The obligations of parents to provide child support for children.

    (F) Marriage fraud under United States immigration laws and the penalties for committing such fraud.

    (G) A warning concerning the potential use of K nonimmigrant visas by United States citizens who have a history of committing domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, or other crimes and an explanation that such acts may not have resulted in a criminal record for such a citizen.

    (H) Notification of the requirement under subsection (d)(3)(A) that international marriage brokers provide foreign national clients with background information gathered on United States clients from searches of Federal and State sex offender public registries and collected from United States clients regarding their marital history and domestic violence or other violent criminal history, but that such information may not be complete or accurate because the United States client may not have a criminal record or may not have truthfully reported their marital or criminal record.

   (3) SUMMARIES- The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, shall develop summaries of the pamphlet developed under paragraph (1) that shall be used by Federal officials when reviewing the pamphlet in interviews under subsection (b).

   (4) TRANSLATION-

    (A) IN GENERAL- In order to best serve the language groups having the greatest concentration of K nonimmigrant visa applicants, the information pamphlet developed under paragraph (1) shall, subject to subparagraph (B), be translated by the Secretary of State into foreign languages, including Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, Vietnamese, Chinese, Ukrainian, Thai, Korean, Polish, Japanese, French, Arabic, Portuguese, Hindi, and such other languages as the Secretary of State, in the Secretarys discretion, may specify.

    (B) REVISION- Every 2 years, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, shall determine at least 14 specific languages into which the information pamphlet is translated based on the languages spoken by the greatest concentrations of K nonimmigrant visa applicants.

   (5) AVAILABILITY AND DISTRIBUTION- The information pamphlet developed under paragraph (1) shall be made available and distributed as follows:

    (A) MAILINGS TO K NONIMMIGRANT VISA APPLICANTS-

     (i) The pamphlet shall be mailed by the Secretary of State to each applicant for a K nonimmigrant visa at the same time that the instruction packet regarding the visa application process is mailed to such applicant. The pamphlet so mailed shall be in the primary language of the applicant or in English if no translation into the applicants primary language is available.

     (ii) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide to the Secretary of State, for inclusion in the mailing under clause (i), a copy of the petition submitted by the petitioner for such applicant under subsection (d) or (r) of section 214 of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1184).

     (iii) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide to the Secretary of State any criminal background information the Secretary of Homeland Security possesses with respect to a petitioner under subsection (d) or (r) of section 214 of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1184). The Secretary of State, in turn, shall share any such criminal background information that is in government records or databases with the K nonimmigrant visa applicant who is the beneficiary of the petition. The visa applicant shall be informed that such criminal background information is based on available records and may not be complete. The Secretary of State also shall provide for the disclosure of such criminal background information to the visa applicant at the consular interview in the primary language of the visa applicant. Nothing in this clause shall be construed to authorize the Secretary of Homeland Security to conduct any new or additional criminal background check that is not otherwise conducted in the course of adjudicating such petitions.

    (B) CONSULAR ACCESS- The pamphlet developed under paragraph (1) shall be made available to the public at all consular posts. The summaries described in paragraph (3) shall be made available to foreign service officers at all consular posts.

    (C) POSTING ON FEDERAL WEBSITES- The pamphlet developed under paragraph (1) shall be posted on the websites of the Department of State and the Department of Homeland Security, as well as on the websites of all consular posts processing applications for K nonimmigrant visas.

    (D) INTERNATIONAL MARRIAGE BROKERS AND VICTIM ADVOCACY ORGANIZATIONS- The pamphlet developed under paragraph (1) shall be made available to any international marriage broker, government agency, or nongovernmental advocacy organization.

   (6) DEADLINE FOR PAMPHLET DEVELOPMENT AND DISTRIBUTION- The pamphlet developed under paragraph (1) shall be distributed and made available (including in the languages specified under paragraph (4)) not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

  (b) Visa and Adjustment Interviews-

   (1) FIANCE(E)S, SPOUSES AND THEIR DERIVATIVES- During an interview with an applicant for a K nonimmigrant visa, a consular officers shall--

    (A) provide information, in the primary language of the visa applicant, on protection orders or criminal convictions collected under subsection (a)(5)(A)(iii);

    (B) provide a copy of the pamphlet developed under subsection (a)(1) in English or another appropriate language and provide an oral summary, in the primary language of the visa applicant, of that pamphlet; and

    (C) ask the applicant, in the primary language of the applicant, whether an international marriage broker has facilitated the relationship between the applicant and the United States petitioner, and, if so, obtain the identity of the international marriage broker from the applicant and confirm that the international marriage broker provided to the applicant the information and materials required under subsection (d)(3)(A)(iii).

   (2) FAMILY-BASED APPLICANTS- The pamphlet developed under subsection (a)(1) shall be distributed directly to applicants for family-based immigration petitions at all consular and adjustment interviews for such visas. The Department of State or Department of Homeland Security officer conducting the interview shall review the summary of the pamphlet with the applicant orally in the applicants primary language, in addition to distributing the pamphlet to the applicant in English or another appropriate language.

  (c) Confidentiality- In fulfilling the requirements of this section, no official of the Department of State or the Department of Homeland Security shall disclose to a nonimmigrant visa applicant the name or contact information of any person who was granted a protection order or restraining order against the petitioner or who was a victim of a crime of violence perpetrated by the petitioner, but shall disclose the relationship of the person to the petitioner.

  (d) Regulation of International Marriage Brokers-

   (1) PROHIBITION ON MARKETING CHILDREN- An international marriage broker shall not provide any individual or entity with the personal contact information, photograph, or general information about the background or interests of any individual under the age of 18.

   (2) REQUIREMENTS OF INTERNATIONAL MARRIAGE BROKERS WITH RESPECT TO MANDATORY COLLECTION OF BACKGROUND INFORMATION-

    (A) IN GENERAL-

     (i) SEARCH OF SEX OFFENDER PUBLIC REGISTRIES- Each international marriage broker shall search the National Sex Offender Public Registry or State sex offender public registry, as required under paragraph (3)(A)(i).

     (ii) COLLECTION OF BACKGROUND INFORMATION- Each international marriage broker shall also collect the background information listed in subparagraph (B) about the United States client to whom the personal contact information of a foreign national client would be provided.

    (B) BACKGROUND INFORMATION- The international marriage broker shall collect a certification signed (in written, electronic, or other form) by the United States client accompanied by documentation or an attestation of the following background information about the United States client:

     (i) Any temporary or permanent civil protection order or restraining order issued against the United States client.

     (ii) Any Federal, State, or local arrest or conviction of the United States client for homicide, murder, manslaughter, assault, battery, domestic violence, rape, sexual assault, abusive sexual contact, sexual exploitation, incest, child abuse or neglect, torture, trafficking, peonage, holding hostage, involuntary servitude, slave trade, kidnapping, abduction, unlawful criminal restraint, false imprisonment, or stalking.

     (iii) Any Federal, State, or local arrest or conviction of the United States client for--

      (I) solely, principally, or incidentally engaging in prostitution;

      (II) a direct or indirect attempt to procure prostitutes or persons for the purpose of prostitution; or

      (III) receiving, in whole or in part, of the proceeds of prostitution.

     (iv) Any Federal, State, or local arrest or conviction of the United States client for offenses related to controlled substances or alcohol.

     (v) Marital history of the United States client, including whether the client is currently married, whether the client has previously been married and how many times, how previous marriages of the client were terminated and the date of termination, and whether the client has previously sponsored an alien to whom the client was engaged or married.

     (vi) The ages of any of the United States clients children who are under the age of 18.

     (vii) All States and countries in which the United States client has resided since the client was 18 years of age.

   (3) OBLIGATION OF INTERNATIONAL MARRIAGE BROKERS WITH RESPECT TO INFORMED CONSENT-

    (A) LIMITATION ON SHARING INFORMATION ABOUT FOREIGN NATIONAL CLIENTS- An international marriage broker shall not provide any United States client or representative with the personal contact information of any foreign national client unless and until the international marriage broker has--

     (i) performed a search of the National Sex Offender Public Registry, or of the relevant State sex offender public registry for any State not yet participating in the National Sex Offender Public Registry in which the United States client has resided during the previous 20 years, for information regarding the United States client;

     (ii) collected background information about the United States client required under paragraph (2);

     (iii) provided to the foreign national client--

      (I) in the foreign national clients primary language, a copy of any records retrieved from the search required under paragraph (2)(A)(i) or documentation confirming that such search retrieved no records;

      (II) in the foreign national clients primary language, a copy of the background information collected by the international marriage broker under paragraph (2)(B); and

      (III) in the foreign national clients primary language (or in English or other appropriate language if there is no translation available into the clients primary language), the pamphlet developed under subsection (a)(1); and

     (iv) received from the foreign national client a signed, written consent, in the foreign national clients primary language, to release the foreign national clients personal contact information to the specific United States client.

    (B) CONFIDENTIALITY- In fulfilling the requirements of this paragraph, an international marriage broker shall disclose the relationship of the United States client to individuals who were issued a protection order or restraining order as described in clause (i) of paragraph (2)(B), or of any other victims of crimes as described in clauses (ii) through (iv) of such paragraph, but shall not disclose the name or location information of such individuals.

    (C) PENALTY FOR MISUSE OF INFORMATION- A person who knowingly discloses, uses, or causes to be used any information obtained by an international marriage broker as a result of the obligations imposed on it under paragraph (2) and this paragraph for any purpose other than the disclosures required under this paragraph shall be fined in accordance with title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.






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